She was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul , rhythm and blues and jazz. She also formed a working relationship with producer Salaam Remi through these record publishers.
Winehouse's debut album, Frank , was released in Many of the album's songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers , were co-written by Winehouse. Frank was a critical success in the UK and was nominated for the Mercury Prize. Winehouse released her follow-up album, Back to Black , in , which went on to become an international success and one of the best-selling albums in UK history.
The song " Rehab " won her a second Ivor Novello Award. Winehouse was plagued by drug and alcohol addiction. She died of alcohol poisoning on 23 July , at the age of After her death, Back to Black temporarily became the UK's best-selling album of the 21st century. Amy had an older brother, Alex born ,  and the family lived in London's Southgate area,  where she attended Osidge Primary School. Many of Winehouse's maternal uncles were professional jazz musicians. In , her grandmother Cynthia suggested that Amy attend the Susi Earnshaw Theatre School , where she went on Saturdays to further her vocal education and to learn to tap dance.
Several years later it was reported that Winehouse had been expelled at 14 for "not applying herself" and also for piercing her nose,   but these claims were denied by Sylvia Young : "She changed schools at I've heard it said she was expelled; she wasn't. I'd never have expelled Amy. After toying around with her brother Alex's guitar, Winehouse bought her own when she was 14 and began writing music a year later. Shortly afterwards she began working for a living, as an entertainment journalist for the World Entertainment News Network and also singing with local group the Bolsha Band.
While being developed by the management company, Winehouse was kept as a recording industry secret,  although she was a regular jazz standards singer at the Cobden Club. When he asked who the singer was, the manager told him he was not allowed to say. Having decided that he wanted to sign her, it took several months of asking around for Beese to eventually discover who the singer was.
However, Winehouse had already recorded a number of songs and signed a publishing deal with EMI by this time. Incidentally, she formed a working relationship with producer Salaam Remi through these record publishers. Beese introduced Winehouse to his boss, Nick Gatfield; the Island head shared his enthusiasm in signing the young artist.
Winehouse was signed to Island, as rival interest in her had started to build with representatives of EMI and Virgin starting to make moves. Beese told HitQuarters that he felt the excitement over an artist who was an atypical pop star for the time was due to a backlash against reality TV music shows, which included audiences starved for fresh, genuine young talent.
Winehouse's debut album, Frank , was released on 20 October Produced mainly by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers , Winehouse co-wrote every song. The album received critical acclaim   with compliments given to the "cool, critical gaze" in its lyrics. After the release of the album, Winehouse commented that she was "only 80 percent behind [the] album" because Island Records had overruled her preferences for the songs and mixes to be included. In contrast to her jazz-influenced former album, Winehouse's focus shifted to the girl groups of the s and s.
Winehouse hired New York singer Sharon Jones 's longtime band, the Dap-Kings , to back her up in the studio and on tour. These were some of the first new songs played on the radio after the release of "Pumps" and both were slated to appear on her second album.
The track album, completed in five months,  was produced entirely by Salaam Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. Ronson said in a interview that he liked working with Winehouse because she was blunt when she did not like his work. Promotion of Back to Black soon began and, in early October Winehouse's official website was relaunched with a new layout and clips of previously unreleased songs. It went to number one on the UK Albums Chart for two weeks in January , dropping then climbing back for several weeks in February.
In the US, it entered at number seven on the Billboard It was the best-selling album in the UK of , selling 1. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, saying, "What she is is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy" and "It's impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with production by Mark Ronson that references four decades worth of soul music without once ripping it off, and you've got the best song of It ultimately reached number 18 on the UK singles chart.
The title track, " Back to Black ," was released in the UK in April and peaked at number 25, but was more successful across mainland Europe. The bonus disc features B-sides , rare, and live tracks, as well as "Valerie. It includes a live set recorded at London's Shepherd's Bush Empire and a minute documentary charting the singer's career over the previous four years.
Winehouse was a vocalist on the song " Valerie " on Ronson's solo album Version. The song peaked at number two in the UK, upon its October single release. It served as the fourth single from Buena's debut album, Real Girl.
Winehouse promoted the release of Back to Black with headline performances in late , including a Little Noise Sessions charity concert at the Union Chapel in Islington , London. She also performed Toots and the Maytals ' " Monkey Man ". The rest of her tour, however, did not go as well. In November , the opening night of a date tour was marred by booing and walkouts at the National Indoor Arena in Birmingham. A critic for the Birmingham Mail said it was "one of the saddest nights of my life I saw a supremely talented artist reduced to tears, stumbling around the stage and, unforgivably, swearing at the audience.
A statement issued by concert promoter Live Nation blamed "the rigours involved in touring and the intense emotional strain that Amy has been under in recent weeks" for the decision. UK time, she couldn't be at the ceremony in Los Angeles as her visa approval had not been processed in time.
After the Grammys, the album's sales increased, catapulting Back to Black to number two on the US Billboard , after it initially peaked in the seventh position. Meanwhile, the original edition of the album was ranked at number 30 in its 68th week on the charts, while Frank charted at number In Paris, she performed what was described as a "well-executed minute" set at the opening of a Fendi boutique in early March.
The documentary features interviews with those who knew her at a young age, people who helped her achieve success, jazz music experts, and music and pop-culture specialists.
At the Ivor Novello Awards in May, Winehouse became the first-ever artist to receive two nominations for the top award: best song, musically and lyrically. Although her father, manager and various members of her touring team reportedly tried to dissuade her, Winehouse performed at the Rock in Rio Lisboa festival in Portugal in May In addition to her own material she performed two Specials covers.
On 16 August she played at the Staffordshire leg of the V Festival, and the following day played the Chelmsford leg of the festival. Organizers said that Winehouse attracted the biggest crowds of the festival.
Audience reaction was reported as mixed. Blige , and then finished with Winehouse. Back to Black was the world's seventh-biggest-selling album of In a poll of U. Salaam Remi had already created some material with Winehouse as part of the project.
In May , Winehouse returned to performing at a jazz festival in St. Lucia amid torrential downpours and technical difficulties. During her set, it was reported she was unsteady on her feet and had trouble remembering lyrics.
She apologised to the crowd for being "bored" and ended the set in the middle of a song. Lucia, however, she worked on new music with Salaam Remi. Island claimed that a new album would be due for release in Island co-president Darcus Beese said, "I've heard a couple of song demos that have absolutely floored me. In December , she played a minute concert at a Russian oligarch 's party in Moscow, with the tycoon hand selecting the songs.
Winehouse was reported to be tired, distracted and "tipsy" during the performance. On 18 June , Winehouse started her twelve-leg European tour in Belgrade. Local media described her performance as a scandal and disaster; she was booed off the stage due to her apparently being too drunk to perform. It was reported that she was unable to remember the city she was in, the lyrics of her songs or the names of the members of her band. Winehouse's last public appearance took place at Camden's Roundhouse on 20 July , when she made a surprise appearance on stage to support her goddaughter, Dionne Bromfield , who was singing "Mama Said" with the Wanted.
Winehouse joined a campaign to stop a block of flats being built beside the George Tavern , a famous London East End music venue. Campaign supporters feared the residential development would end the spot's lucrative sideline as a film and photo location, on which it relies to survive. In January , Winehouse announced that she was launching her own record label.
Her first album, featuring covers of classic soul records, was released on 12 October Winehouse and her family are the subject of a documentary shot by Daphne Barak titled Saving Amy. Winehouse collaborated on a 17 piece fashion collection with the Fred Perry label. It was released for sale in October According to Fred Perry's marketing director "We had three major design meetings where she was closely involved in product style selection and the application of fabric, colour and styling details," and gave "crucial input on proportion, colour and fit.
During her career, Winehouse received 23 awards from 60 nominations. Winehouse was known for her deep, expressive contralto vocals and her eclectic mix of musical genres, including soul ,    sometimes labelled as blue-eyed soul and neo soul ,   rhythm and blues ,    and jazz. She sounded like an original sixties soul star, developed when the landscape had no rules.
But now untrammeled traditionalism is in the lead and her beautiful footnote has been cut short. But Winehouse was a fine shepherd of the past. By contrast, Robert Christgau dismissed Winehouse as "a self-aggrandizing self-abuser who's taken seriously because she makes a show of soul". In his opinion, the singer "simulated gravitas by running her suicidal tendencies through an amalgam of 20th-century African-American vocal stylings—the slides, growls, and melismatic outcries that for many matures are now the only reliable signifiers of pop substance".
Winehouse's greatest love was s girl groups.