The Official Chart, broadcast on BBC Radio 1 and MTV Official UK Top 40 , is the UK music industry's recognised official measure of singles and albums popularity because it is the most comprehensive research panel of its kind, today surveying over 15, retailers and digital services daily, capturing The OCC website contains the Top chart. The chart week runs from Friday to midnight Thursday,  with most UK physical and digital singles being released on Fridays. From 3 August until 5 July , the chart week ran from Sunday to midnight Saturday.
The UK Singles Chart began to be compiled in The company regards a selected period of the New Musical Express chart only from to and the Record Retailer chart from to as predecessors for the period prior to 11 February , where multiples of competing charts none official coexisted side by side. For example, the BBC compiled its own chart based on an average of the music papers of the time; many songs announced as having reached number one on BBC Radio and Top of the Pops prior to are not listed as chart-toppers according to the legacy criteria of the Charts Company.
The current number one is " Drivers License " by Olivia Rodrigo. Before the compilation of sales of records, the music market measured a song's popularity by sales of sheet music. The idea of compiling a chart based on sales originated in the United States , where the music-trade paper Billboard compiled the first chart incorporating sales figures on 20 July The NME chart was based on a telephone poll. It was also the first chart to include Northern Ireland in its sample.
Additionally, Retailer was set up by independent record shops and had no funding or affiliation with record companies. However, it had a significantly smaller sample size than some rival charts. Before there was no official singles chart.
The sales diaries were translated into punch cards so the data could be interpreted by a computer. A computer then compiled the chart on Monday, and the BBC were informed of the Top 50 on Tuesday in time for it to be announced on Johnnie Walker's afternoon show.
The postal strike meant data had to be collected by telephone and that the chart was reduced to a Top 40 during this period ,  but this was deemed inadequate for a national chart; by , the BMRB was using motorcycle couriers to collect sales figures.
Earlier that year, the Daily Mirror and the BBC's Nationwide television programme both investigated chart hyping, where record company representatives allegedly purchased records from chart return shops. The s also saw the introduction of the cassette single or "cassingle" alongside the 7-inch and inch record formats; in , major record labels developed a common format for the compact disc single.
Following this, the British Phonographic Industry BPI reduced the minimum price for cassette singles to influence sales figures. The BPI were reluctant to join and "consider[ed] the option of launching a rival chart"  but in September an agreement was reached, and it joined the CSC. These computers were to be telephoned six times a week, providing the data to Gallup.
In November , the "Next 25" section of the UK singles chart positions 76—, with special rules ceased to be printed in the trade magazine Music Week , who decided to focus on records in the charts described as hits. Note: As of December the Official Charts Company website is still missing a lot of the data on regards to records in positions 76 to from to 12 February  . In February the research contract for the chart was put out to tender , with a new four-year contract beginning 1 February offered.
Millward Brown took over compiling the charts on 1 February , increasing the sample size;   by the end of the month each shop sampled used a barcode scanner linking via an Epson terminal with a modem to a central computer called "Eric" , which logged data from more than 2, stores. On 2 April , the number of eligible formats was reduced from four to three. In September , a second newsletter was created: Hit Music , a sister publication of Music Week featuring among other charts the singles Top 75 and a revived "Next 25".
In November , the Artist Albums chart extended to a Top Hit Music ceased publication in May with issue number In , Millward Brown began "re-chipping" some retailers' machines, in anticipation of the millennium bug. In January , MyCoke Music launched as the "first significant download retailer". In June the iTunes Store was launched in the UK, and more than , songs were downloaded during the first week.
The chart show was then rebranded for the chart week ending 16 April, and the first singles chart combining physical-release sales with legal downloads began. Several test charts and a download-sales chart were published in ; this combination within the official singles chart reflected a changing era in which sales of physical singles fell and download sales rose. On 17 April , hosts JK and Joel commented during their BBC Radio 1 broadcast that the incorporation of download sales resulted in an approximate doubling of singles sales for the week.
For the first week's combined chart the impact of this doubling was not readily apparent at the top of the chart, although a few singles in the middle positions benefited.
Initially, the British Association of Record Dealers was concerned that the popularity of downloading would siphon business from the High Street. However, it agreed to the new rules provided that digital sales were only included to a single's sales tally if there was a physical equivalent sold in shops at the time. Since there was no rule governing a minimum number of pressings, Gorillaz released only vinyl copies of their single " Feel Good Inc. This allowed it to debut in the chart at number 22 eventually reaching number 2 , and remain in the Top 40 for a longer period.
After pressure from elsewhere in the music industry a second compromise was reached in , which now allowed singles to chart on downloads the week before their physical release. Three weeks later, " Crazy " by Gnarls Barkley became the first song to top the charts on download sales alone. As part of the revised rules, singles would now be removed from the chart two weeks after the deletion of their physical formats; "Crazy" left the chart 11 weeks later from number 5.
This was in addition to the existing rule that to be eligible for the chart, the physical single had to have been released within the last twelve months, supporting the general view that the chart reflected the top-selling "current" releases. On 1 January the integration of downloaded music into the charts became complete when all downloads — with or without a physical equivalent — became eligible to chart, redefining the UK singles chart by turning it into a "songs" chart.
The first number-one hit never released physically was " Run " by Leona Lewis , the 11th song in total to reach number one on downloads alone. Unlike the previous 10, it did not receive a physical release in subsequent weeks although it was released physically overseas, notably in Germany. On 7 December , Ed Sheeran 's " Thinking Out Loud " became the first single to reach number one as a direct result of streaming inclusion.
With no official chart before , a number of periodicals compiled their own charts during the s and s. Pirate radio stations such as Radio London and Radio Caroline also broadcast their own charts. The full regulations may be downloaded from the Official Charts Company website see " External links ", below. To qualify for inclusion in the UK singles chart, a single must be available in one or more of the following eligible formats:. There are minimum sales prices for all formats apart from on demand digital streams which may be from subscription or advertising funded providers.
The streams were initially counted at streams equivalent to one paid download or physical sale, but changed to to 1 in January The streams-to-sales ratio for tracks whose sales including streams have declined for three consecutive weeks and have charted for at least ten weeks is changed to to accelerate removal of older songs. In , Brookes was replaced as presenter by Mark Goodier , but returned 18 months later.
Goodier took over from Brookes once more in and continued presenting the show until Jameela Jamil took over from him in January , becoming the first woman to host, alone, the BBC Chart show  before being replaced by Clara Amfo. On 10 July , Greg James took over from Amfo, when the new chart announcement was moved to Friday afternoons.
From March Greg James hosted a half-hour show at pm on Wednesdays, announcing a chart update based on midweek sales figures previously only available to the industry. The managing director of the Official Charts Company, Martin Talbot, said in a statement that it would provide "insight into how the race for number one is shaping up".
It was presented by Nick Grimshaw due to his swap of times with Greg James. The top twenty is overviewed with around fifteen song being played in full including the full top ten.
In , the chart was sponsored by worldpop. However, the deal ended when the website went out of business in late As part of an agreement with Billboard to publish the UK chart in section of their magazine, Billboard required the chart to have a sponsor.
In , it was announced that Coca-Cola had signed a two-year contract with the Official Charts Company beginning 1 January Since advertising on the BBC is prohibited under the BBC Charter and the government was attempting to reduce childhood obesity , the decision was widely criticised. Coca-Cola was restricted to two on-air mentions during the chart show, with the BBC justifying the deal by saying it did not negotiate or benefit financially. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British singles sales chart.
This article is about the UK singles chart. Official Chart logo. Main article: List of UK charts and number-one singles — See also: The Official Chart. Retrieved 12 March London: Official Charts Company. April Retrieved 1 June Official Charts Company. Retrieved 24 June Official Charts.
Retrieved 15 March Archived from the original on 12 November Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 4 September Archived from the original on 1 December Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 6 July The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July Dave McAleer 's website. Archived from the original on 10 May Retrieved 4 November The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 16 May